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A Detailed Guide on Filing Profits Tax Returns for Your Business

Tax returns are a quintessential aspect of financial responsibility, and in Hong Kong, the process involves various intricacies governed by the Inland Revenue Department (IRD). Whether you are an independent consultant or a business owner dealing with profit tax or property tax, understanding the procedures and obligations is crucial.  This comprehensive guide provides insights into the nuances of tax return filing in Hong Kong, encompassing key elements like personal assessment, provisional tax, tax payments, and more.

For taxpayers in Hong Kong, compliance with tax regulations is paramount. 

  • Let’s delve into the specifics of provisional salaries tax, child allowance, dependent parent allowances, and other essential elements that can influence your tax liability. 

  • Additionally, let’s explore the ever-changing tax rates, tax year implications, and the benefits of filing tax returns electronically. 

  • To further simplify the process, we will shed light on deductions such as elderly residential care expenses and approved charitable donations.

Navigating the realm of taxation in Hong Kong can be akin to a journey into the unknown, but with this guide, you will find the knowledge and confidence to handle your tax affairs efficiently. From understanding your chargeable income to optimising your tax strategy, join us as we demystify the intricacies of filing tax return in Hong Kong.

Get ready to master Hong Kong’s tax maze?


Understand the Tax System in Hong Kong

Before we delve deeper into the finer details, it’s essential to acquire a fundamental understanding of Hong Kong’s taxation framework. 

Hong Kong predominantly levies taxes on earnings stemming from employment, commercial activities, or real estate. This encompasses remunerations, gains from enterprises, rental proceeds, and returns from investments. 

Typically, capital gains, dividends, and interest income do not fall within the purview of income taxation in Hong Kong.

Not sure about the Hong Kong tax filing deadline? Fret not, check out our article by clicking that link!

Unlock the potential of Hong Kong’s forward-thinking tax system with Sleek!

Know Your Tax Obligations

Understanding your tax obligations in Hong Kong is crucial, and they can vary depending on your status and sources of income. Let’s delve into these key categories with additional details and reference links for your reference:


a) Independent Consultants/Freelancers:

Independent consultants or freelancers are required to accurately report their income, encompassing earnings from both Hong Kong and overseas clients. To understand more about tax obligations and exemptions, consider exploring the Inland Revenue Department’s guidelines for consultants and freelancers. Specifically, you might be eligible for tax exemptions if you meet specific criteria, such as time-apportioned income for expatriates.

b) Independent Business Owners:

Business owners are responsible for reporting their business profits, expenses, and other relevant financial information. The Inland Revenue Department offers comprehensive guidance on tax reporting for businesses, which can be accessed through their official website. Additionally, business owners can explore deductions for eligible expenses to reduce their taxable income. Details on allowable deductions can be found on the Inland Revenue Department’s website as well.

c) Small Business Owners Employing People:

For small business owners who employ staff, it’s essential to ensure the proper handling of employee taxes, including salaries tax and contributions to recognised retirement schemes. The Employee’s Guide to Salaries Tax and Employers’ Returns, available on the Inland Revenue Department’s website, provides valuable information on these matters.

d) Foreign Entities:

Foreign entities operating in Hong Kong are subject to local tax regulations, which can vary based on their specific business activities. To gain insight into the tax obligations and regulations applicable to foreign entities, it is advisable to refer to the official Hong Kong Inland Revenue Department website or consult with a tax advisor with expertise in this area.


By exploring these categories in more detail and referring to the provided links, you can better navigate your tax obligations in Hong Kong.

Claiming Tax Exemptions on Personal Tax Returns in Hong Kong

When completing your individual tax returns, it’s crucial to include all income sources. Nevertheless, in situations where taxpayers satisfy certain requirements for tax exemptions, they should also acknowledge these amounts in their yearly tax submissions. 

An illustrative instance is expatriates employed in Hong Kong, who might meet the criteria for claiming time-apportioned income. This implies that only income derived from services rendered outside of Hong Kong is liable to be taxed according to the local regulations. 

Adhering to these tax exemption regulations not only ensures precise and transparent reporting but also optimises potential tax benefits for eligible individuals.

Need advice on tax compliance in Hong Kong? Look no further, click that link to our article to learn more!

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Assessing Your Tax Liability in Hong Kong

Personal assessment in Hong Kong introduces a distinctive approach to tax assessment, offering eligible individuals the potential for reduced tax obligations. This method permits taxpayers to amalgamate diverse income sources, encompassing property taxes and salary taxes, into a unified tax calculation. 

However, the advantages it brings may not universally apply. The decision to embrace personal assessment should be a deliberative one, grounded in a comprehensive evaluation of one’s financial situation and tax planning objectives. 

Familiarising oneself with the intricacies of personal assessment in Hong Kong is paramount, as it empowers taxpayers to make well-informed choices concerning their tax responsibilities and potential savings.

Wondering about the self employed tax in Hong Kong? If so, check out our article by clicking that link.

Filling Your Income Tax Return Form

The Inland Revenue Department (IRD) in Hong Kong plays a significant role in income tax return form processing.

  • Employers are responsible for submitting the Employee’s Return on Employment Benefits and Pension, which includes personal data and earnings information, to the IRD.

  • Each year, the IRD typically sends out tax returns for employees in April or July.

  • If your income exceeds the eligibility for allowances, you may not be required to pay wages tax or register for a tax return, depending on your circumstances.


Here’s how the process works:

1. Determine Your Tax Status:

Hong Kong has a territorial tax system, meaning it only taxes income that is generated within the territory. You need to determine your tax residency status, which can be either resident or non-resident.


2. Collect Necessary Documents:

Gather all relevant financial documents, including salary statements, investment income records, rental income, and any other source of income. Keep records of all your expenses and deductions, as these will be crucial in calculating your tax liability.


3. Register for a Tax File Number: 

If you are a new taxpayer or haven’t registered before, you’ll need to obtain a Tax File Number (TFN) from the Inland Revenue Department (IRD) in Hong Kong. You can register online through the IRD’s website or visit their office in person.


4. Determine Your Taxable Income:

Calculate your taxable income by adding up all your assessable income and deducting allowable deductions. Assessable income includes employment income, business income, rental income, and investment income. Deductions can include charitable donations, mortgage interest, and more.


5. Understand Tax Rates:

Hong Kong has a progressive tax rate system with tax rates ranging from 2% to 17%, depending on your income level. The tax bands and rates are typically updated annually, so it’s essential to check the latest rates.


6. Complete the Tax Return:

Use the appropriate tax return form provided by the IRD. Individuals usually need to use the BIR60 form. You can download this form from the IRD website or obtain it in person. Complete the form accurately, including your personal information, income details, deductions, and other relevant information.


7. Calculate Your Tax Liability:

Using the information provided on the tax return form and the tax rates for the year, calculate your tax liability. Ensure that you apply any applicable deductions or allowances accurately. The IRD provides guidelines and tools to help with these calculations.


8. File Your Tax Return:

  You can file your tax return in one of the following ways:

     a. Online: You can e-file your tax return through the IRD’s online portal.

     b. Paper: You can submit a paper return in person at the IRD office or by mail.


9. Pay Any Taxes Due:

If you owe taxes after filing your return, you must pay the amount due within a specified time frame, usually within one month of filing. You can pay online, at designated banks, or in person at the IRD office.


10. Wait for Assessment:

After filing, the IRD will assess your return. They may ask for additional documentation or clarification if needed.


11. Receive Your Notice of Assessment:

Once the assessment is complete, you’ll receive a Notice of Assessment indicating the final tax amount payable or any refund due. Ensure that the assessment is accurate, and if you disagree, you can file an objection with the IRD.


12. Keep Records:

It’s important to keep copies of your tax returns, supporting documents, and correspondence with the IRD for at least seven years.

Remember that tax deadlines and regulations may change, so it’s crucial to check with the Inland Revenue Department or consult a tax professional for the most up-to-date information regarding filing tax returns in Hong Kong.

Gain tax planning clarity by partnering with Sleek to navigate your personal assessment with confidence.

The IRD will send out the tax return in May/June

In the tax landscape of Hong Kong, both employers and employees have distinct responsibilities when it comes to tax returns. Employers are tasked with submitting the employee’s return on employment benefits and pension to the Inland Revenue Department (IRD), which includes personal data and earnings information. 

Often, your employer will handle this submission on your behalf.

The IRD typically sends out tax returns to employees in April or July of each year. For those new to the workforce, it might take some time to receive a tax refund. Importantly, if your income exceeds the eligibility for allowances, you may not be required to pay wage tax or register for a tax return, depending on your circumstances.

Which expenses are deductible?

In Hong Kong, several expenses are eligible for deduction when calculating your taxable income. These deductions include costs related to self-education, contributions to approved charitable organisations, mandatory contributions to recognised retirement schemes, interest on loans, expenses associated with senior housing, premiums paid for voluntary healthcare schemes that meet the specified criteria, qualified pension premiums, and tax deductions stemming from voluntary Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF) contributions

To claim these deductions, it is essential to maintain proper documentation and provide it to the Inland Revenue Department (IRD) upon their request. These deductions can help taxpayers reduce their overall tax liability in compliance with Hong Kong’s tax regulations.

Personal Assessment and Joint Assessment

Consider options such as personal assessment and joint assessment, which can help reduce your tax liability:

  • Personal assessment allows you to consolidate various sources of income into a single tax calculation.

  • Married couples in Hong Kong can choose joint assessment to combine their incomes, potentially leading to more favourable tax outcomes.

Let Sleek be your resource for optimising tax liabilities for married couples.

Reach out to our tax professionals today for help!

Filing Electronically

Take advantage of electronic filing options to streamline the tax return process. This not only saves time but also reduces the chances of errors.

Effortless Tax Filing with Sleek – Explore Electronic Filing for Faster, Error-Free Returns.


In conclusion, understanding the intricacies of tax return filing and deductions in Hong Kong is essential for individuals and businesses alike. The progressive tax system, personal assessment options, and joint assessment for married couples offer various avenues to optimise tax liabilities. Deductions for eligible expenses further enable taxpayers to maximise savings.

However, thorough record-keeping and compliance with IRD requirements are crucial. By navigating these aspects effectively, individuals and businesses can ensure their financial well-being while fulfilling their tax obligations in the vibrant economic landscape of Hong Kong. Staying informed and making informed decisions is the key to achieving tax efficiency and financial stability.

If you’re unsure about any aspect of your taxes or need assistance with financial tax planning, consulting tax advisors at Sleek will save you time, money, and potential headaches. At Sleek, we provide accounting services to aid you with an efficient and seamless tax process.

Explore Sleek to stay informed and make the most of Hong Kong’s tax landscape.



In Hong Kong, a tax return refers to the annual submission of financial information to the Inland Revenue Department (IRD) by individuals and businesses. This process helps determine the amount of income tax owed or any tax refunds due. It includes reporting income, expenses, deductions, and other relevant financial details for tax assessment purposes.

To get a tax refund in Hong Kong, ensure you file tax return online accurately and on time. The Inland Revenue Department (IRD) will process your return and issue a refund if you’re eligible. Refunds are typically paid via direct bank transfer, and you can check the status through the IRD’s online portal.

In Hong Kong, the taxation of income is primarily focused on income derived from employment, business operations, or property. This includes salaries, wages, profits from businesses, rental income, and income from investments. Capital gains, dividends, and interest income are generally not subject to income tax in Hong Kong.

Filing a Hong Kong tax return late can result in penalties. The penalty is calculated as a percentage of the taxpayer’s assessed tax liability, and it increases the longer the delay. The maximum penalty is 10% of the tax owed, with a daily surcharge for continued lateness. It’s essential to meet filing deadlines to avoid these penalties.

Get the clarity you need regarding Hong Kong tax returns by turning to Sleek. We understand that navigating the intricate world of tax filing can be a daunting task, but our comprehensive and user-friendly platform is here to simplify the process for you.

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